Research


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Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2018-06-01 - 2019-11-30

The Project develops an Austrian Data Cube (ADC) for optimum storage, Administration, Analyse and Management of Earth Observation (EO) data from Sentinel-1 (microwaves) and Sentinel-2 (optical) in an homogenous projection. This concerns both, the spatial projection as well as the temporal Resolution. For the first time, the Project adresses the Integration of optical and microwave data. This Permits users from science, Administration as well as Commercial users to run analyses in a seamless way. The possible applications are numerous and encompass drought Monitoring, Monitoring of soil moisture, mapping of land use and land cover etc.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2018-01-31 - 2019-01-30

The actual knowledge about the number and distribution of the European beaver (Castor fiber) in Lower Austria is mainly based on data collected during the ongoing beaver management activities and by mapping activity signs of beavers in spatially limited areas (e.g. project 'Beaver Census in Lower Austria - winter 2017/18'). The aim of this project is to continue the collection and actualisation of beaver distribution data (location of territories and number of residents) to investigate the development of the local beaver population and the ongoing colonization. The study area comprises i) a watersystem in an agricultural area of the continental biogeographical region and ii) a watersystem located in the alpine biogeographical region of Lower Austria.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2018-06-01 - 2021-05-31

Riverine ecosystems are the lifelines of the Danube River Basin (DRB). They are highly valuable in environmental (key ecological corridors), economic and social terms (e.g. navigation, hydropower, floodwater management), but are subject to increasing pressures related to intense human uses (e.g. pollution, hydromorphological alterations). River- and habitat continuity interruptions constitute one of these major pressures, as they hinder aquatic organisms to access vital habitats, disrupting their life cycles and thus, threatening overall aquatic biodiversity. The International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) has highlighted over 900 continuity interruptions present in the Danube/its major tributaries, stemming from different infrastructure projects such as flood protection, hydropower generation and navigation. These are barriers especially for fish and thus, for ecological corridors, by threatening their natural migration patterns and by preventing access to species specific habitats/spawning grounds in all sections of the Danube River. Although the need of river continuity restoration and its importance for species conservation was clearly highlighted in the Danube River Basin Management Plans (DRMPs) in 2009 and 2015, the implementation process still needs a harmonized approach at basin wide level. Thus, fostering the connectivity of habitats and promoting the establishment of ecological corridors for improving migratory paths of endangered fish species in the DRB is a clear need and requires concerted, transnational cooperation. Taking sturgeons and other migratory fish species (e.g. shads, barbel, nase etc.) as flagship species for all migrants of international relevance in the DRB, MEASURES aims to establish transnational ecological corridors by connecting protected habitats encompassed by the current network of protected areas along the Danube River and major tributaries with other critical hotspots for biodiversity. This will be based on the assessment of habitats and the development of strategic frameworks, an information system and concerted measures related to ex-situ conservation for endangered species. These actions are fully in line with the requirements of EU legislation as the Water Framework Directive (WFD), Habitats Directive (HD), Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD and Biodiversity 2020 Strategy. The harmonized strategy produced in WP6 will be disseminated at policy level in relevant countries and on transnational level, aiming to raise governmental and political support for embedding ecological corridors and key outputs of the project into the future national and international policy instruments (N2000 management plans, RBMPs, national action plans for species conservation etc.). All project outputs will significantly support the implementation of EUSDR targets for sustainable navigation development, water quality and biodiversity conservation (PA 01, PA 04, PA 06).

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